What is the Goal of Primary Health Care?

Branding Pioneers

Apr 20, 2024

What is the Goal of Primary Health Care?

Primary health care (PHC) is a broad, accessible form of health service delivery that includes prevention, treatment, and health education. The primary goal of primary health care is to provide universal and equitable access to essential services and to improve the health and well-being of all individuals, making it foundational to a country's health system. At the Top Hospital in Kenya, this concept is integrated into their healthcare delivery models to ensure that everyone, regardless of their economic status, has access to quality medical services.

Holistic Health Improvement

The main objective of primary health care is to achieve better health services for all. It aims to provide a holistic approach to health that does not just focus on treating illness but also on preventing diseases through comprehensive care and health promotion. This includes a range of services from vaccination, maternal and child health care, to chronic disease management and geriatric care.

Accessibility and Equity

Primary health care is inherently designed to be accessible at a location as close as possible to where people live and work, and it involves the community in its upkeep and governance. It is tailored to meet the majority of an individual’s health needs throughout their life. This level of care is essential in promoting health equity—ensuring that everyone has the opportunity to achieve their full health potential without disadvantages due to social position or other socially determined circumstances.

Cost-Effective and Efficient

By focusing on the broader aspects of health care, including prevention and early intervention, primary health care helps to reduce the need for more expensive specialized care. Early detection and regular treatment of ailments in primary care not only save costs but also improve the efficiency of the healthcare system by reducing hospital admissions and emergency department visits. For the top hospitals in Kenya, this means investing in primary care facilities can actually reduce overall healthcare costs and improve health outcomes.

Comprehensive Care

Primary health care is not limited to physical health. It also encompasses mental and social well-being. By addressing the social determinants of health such as sanitation, nutrition, and education, primary health care works towards a comprehensive approach to patient care. This broad scope helps in tackling the root causes of health issues rather than just their symptoms, leading to sustained health improvements across populations.

Empowerment Through Education

Education is a crucial element of primary health care. Educating the population about health issues, and involving them in decisions about their health, empowers individuals and communities, making them active participants in their own health care. It also fosters a better understanding of how to prevent disease and maintain health, which is essential for long-term health outcomes.

Integration of Services

One of the key features of primary health care is the integration of services. This ensures that various preventive and curative services are available together at the point of delivery. This integration extends to public health services that might not traditionally be considered part of direct patient care, such as infection control, health surveillance, and emergency preparedness. This holistic approach ensures that individuals receive a continuum of care, which is crucial for effective treatment and prevention strategies.

Community Participation

Primary health care strongly focuses on community involvement. By engaging community members in planning and decision-making processes, the health system becomes more responsive to the needs and expectations of the people it serves. In Kenya, community health workers often play a significant role in this aspect, bridging the gap between the community and the healthcare system.

Technological Integration

The integration of technology in primary health care is transforming how services are delivered. Telemedicine and mobile health applications are becoming more prevalent, allowing for greater accessibility to health care services, especially in remote areas. These technologies facilitate better patient data management, remote health monitoring, and improved communication channels between patients and health providers.

Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Primary health care is vital in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to health, particularly Universal Health Coverage (UHC). By providing comprehensive, accessible, and affordable care, primary health care is key to achieving the target of good health and well-being for all, as stipulated in SDG 3.


The primary goal of primary health care is to ensure that everyone has access to the essential health services they need without suffering financial hardship. It is about providing equitable, accessible, and holistic care that not only treats illnesses but also prevents them, empowers communities, integrates technology, and ultimately contributes to sustainable development. The top hospitals in Kenya recognize this and continuously strive to enhance their primary health care services, ensuring that they not only meet the immediate health needs of their populations but also contribute to a healthier future for all Kenyans.


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